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    Here we have about five species of mice that inhabit this area of the U.S. The only need for control, as far as people are concerned, would be of the commensal house mouse, which is by far the most significant pest of the mouse species. And then follows the deer mouse, and then possibly the white-footed mouse. Alternately, the woodland jumping mouse and the meadow jumping mouse are both confined to the wild, and are only found in such places as their names imply.

    The house mouse is of greatest concern to people since it does in fact live up to its name. similar to the Norway rat, the house mouse in almost solely dependent upon civilization. There are a few exceptions where an abandoned property will contribute to a house mouse becoming feral, but majorly, the house mouse is found wherever people are. These mice are grey with a naked and scaly tail. They are easy to trap, and little preparation is necessary. There are many products available to the consumer for control of the house mouse; glue boards, a variety of snap traps and live-catch traps, and multiple poisons.

    Although easy to trap, the house mouse proves difficult to control because of its effective breeding potential and its uncanny ability to chew and squeeze through small holes to access homes. Even new homes get sign left by the house mouse with a small black dropping. Nevertheless, control is possible, and continuous trapping coupled with keeping the home sealed tight are the keys to success.

    The deer mouse and white-footed mouse are wild and native animals that will occasionally enter a cabin or out building. They are larger than the house mouse, light brown above, and snowy white on the belly. Their eyes are large due to their nocturnal nature. The differences are subtle, with the white-footed mouse being more common and having slightly larger eyes and ears. I live in the mountain and have caught many in the furthest building from the house, which lies against the forest; I have only ever caught one in the garage, and have captured none in any other of the many buildings including the house. I do follow my own advice and keep my home sealed up very well, and continually trap for mice. Of course, if you own a cabin, it is best to continuously trap for any mice as well, since they will attract predators. Nonetheless, control of the deer mouse and white-footed mouse is usually not necessarily the aim of any ones efforts, accept under certain circumstances that I will explain in a moment, but they could be captured during the ongoing efforts to control ones property from the commensal house mouse. If so inclined, when an owner visits his or her cabin, he or she might decide to make a friendly pet of either of these two mice. They are quite tamable with ease, will entertain the hand-feeding, property owners with their cute return scampering’s and trustingly amiable behaviors. This happens more often than you think. As a negative, but pertinent, mentioning on these amiable critter’s behalf, it should be mentioned that they have been found as carriers of the fatal disease, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. Cases of Hantavirus were found in homes, barns, and outbuildings that housed the deer mouse, and later it was found the White-footed mouse to be a carrier as well. The populations of these mice were significant, and they were in great concentrations within established dwellings with no control efforts put into effect, as well as in the very dry southwestern climate. On the other hand, however, many who were infected did not even know they were exposed to any mice at all. When breathing the dust containing dried mice urine, saliva and droppings, which was stirred up while cleaning or working, the Hantavirus disease was transferred. Additional methods of transfer are through direct or indirect contact with the same bodily fluids and an individual’s mucus membranes. To reduce these risks, simply add one and a half cups of bleach to a gallon of water and mist the dusty area before cleaning begins. Washing surfaces contacted by the mice should be disinfected as well. Altogether, the white-footed mouse and the deer mouse are friendly and playful animals that many people enjoy meeting, but these same animals have the unfortunate capacity for transmitting a terrible, life-threatening disease; as a consequence, continual trapping for all mice in all dwellings is advisable, followed by a thorough clean-up after a bleach solution wet-down to eliminate stirring up dust.

    On a lighter and happier note we have the jumping mice. Both the meadow jumping mouse and the woodland jumping mouse are native to their wild lands and offer great sport to many children and pets who happen upon them when out in nature. They are also great amusement to anyone else who discovers them as well, especially if a child or playful pup is along. These little critters will spring up and hop anywhere from six to ten feet at a pounce. No wonder they are also named the kangaroo mouse. Their tails are preposterously long as well as furry, and the only difference to note, other than their home ranges, is that the woodland jumping mouse has a fluffy white tip to its long and furry tail. These little critters are true hibernators and sleep very hard, longer than most other critters that hibernate. These jumping mice offer that all important transition from plant to animal in the food chain, which makes them beneficial prey for many  animals in the environment. It is difficult for these wild mice to live over a year, good thing they hibernate, or they might have a hard time making it as a species. Their hopping is a way of escape, but they have little control over where they will land; no doubt, how could they possibly know where they are going to land after an enormous bound of such great proportion. Such a launch away from a predator can be nothing more than a leap of faith. These long-tailed mice can often be found in deep puddles where they had unknowingly launched upon. Altogether, jumping mice are an interesting account to our native fauna, and serve our environment and ecosystem with their existence, and furthermore provide amusement with their cute and playful behavior.

    It is important to keep mice under control, and for good reason. Of course they are dirty and contaminate our living quarters, but their presence also attracts alternate animals that consider them as a food source. many critters dine on mice, and that list can get quite long. Rodents can be hazardous within our society, but have an invaluable niche in the great world of nature; therefore, they should be controlled around our homes, offices, and civilized areas, but appreciated for their contributions and relished in the wild. 
    C.H. Animal Control can help with trapping and removing mice, followed by the sealing of all access points; consequently, denying mice the opportunity to invade your homes, offices, buildings, cabins and other structures.

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